NameJohn Caleff Doctor , 1485
Birth Date30 Aug 1726
Birth PlaceIpswich, Massachusetts, U.S.A.
Death Date23 Oct 1812 Age: 86
Death PlaceSt. Andrews, New Brunswick, Canada
OccupationLoyalist Surgeon
1Dorothy , 2660
Family ID821
ChildrenMahatable , 1486 (1768-1860)
Notes for John Caleff Doctor
Ships surgeon on board the "Albany". Good friend of Captain Henry Mowat RN 1498.
Taken from "Loyalists to Canada - The St. Andrews Grantees":
John Calef- was a Loyalist surgeon from Ipswich, Massachusetts and was a grantee at St. Andrews. He was born in Ipswich on August 30, 1726, the son of Robert Calef. His wife was a daughter of the Reverend Jedediah Jewett of Rowley, Mass. John Calef was a member of the Hopuse of Representatives in Mass., and served as a surgeon and physician for the army and navy during the French and Indian War. During the American revolution, on several occassions, he was persecuted and attacked by mobs in Mass., for his fidelity to the King. He fled to Penobscot and was appointed inspector and Justice of the Peace for the inhabitants of the county and Superintendent of the indians in the Penobscot region. He made several voyages to England on behalf of the Loyalists in that area. After the war he emigrated to New Brunswick, and was appointed Surgeon to the garrison at Saint John. He settled at St. Andrews, and died there on October 23, 1812. His son Robert, died at Norfolk, Virginia, in 1801, at the age of 41. A gravestone in the Loyalist Cemetery at St. Andrews marks the burial place of his daughter, Mehetabel, wife of Captain David Mowat.

193Dr. Cialef, which name was also spelled Calfe, Calf, Caleff
and Kaloph, was born in Ipswich, Mass, Aug. 30, 1726, the son of
Robert and Margaret (Stamford) Calef. His grandparents were
Dr. Joseph and Mary ( Ayer) Calef of Ipswich, who were married
in Boston, May 2, 1693. The parents of Dr. Joseph were Robert
arid Mary Calef of Roxbury, Mass. Robert Calef was the author
of " More Wonders of the Invisible World," which antagonized
Cotton and Increase Mather, about 1692. It was publicly burned
on the campus of Harvard College by the orders of the latter, who
was then president of the college.
In 1755, the Governor ordered Dr. Calef to Fort Halifax,*
on the Kennebec River, now in the town of Winslow, Maine, to
attend the sick. He found his services much needed by the garri
son and remained about two months. He also went there again in
1772. He engaged, as surgeon, in Colonel Ichabod Plaisted s regi
ment Feb. 18, 1756, to go to Crown Point, and was discharged
Jan. 19, 1757, remaining at the Albany hospital. He served in
the Massachusetts General Ctourt before the Revolutionary War,
but remained loyal to the King and became obnoxious to the Colon
ists. He was declared by them a traitor, and a price was set upon
his head. By the energy of his wife, he escaped capture and went
to St. Andrews, N. B.
* Fort Halifax was at the junction of the Kennebec and Sebasticook rivers
in the present town of Winslow, Maine. It was built by Governor William
Shirley of Massachusetts in 1755, and was named for the Duke of Halifax. A
full history of the Fort by Hon. William Goold, was published in the. Collections
of the Maine Historical Society, First Series, Vol. 8, page 199-

Dr. Calef was active in the Penobscot expedition and was
Commissary of the inhabitants in the County of Lincoln, Maine.
He was the surgeon at Fort George and acted as chaplain. In
1780, he went to England as an agent of the Penobscot Loyalists.
The scheme was that the country between the Saco and the St.
Croix Rivers was to be erected into a new province to be called
" New Ireland." Thomas Oliver was to be governor, Daniel Leon
ard, chief justice, and Dr. Calef the clerk of the council at a salary
of 50. The land was to be granted to the Loyalists in large
tracts to the most meritorious with small grants to the poorest. It
was to be a landed country. The English church was to be the
established religion. This scheme was approved of by the King
and his Cabinet, but was unsuccessful. Dr. Calef remained in
England two years, when he revived the effort, but it received
its death blow from a decision of the Attorney General of Eng
land that it violated the sacredness of the chartered rights of the
Province of Massachusetts Bay, and he was informed that it could
not be done as " the pressure is too strong."
In 1784, Dr. Calef was one of the grantees of St. Andrews,
N. B., and was the first physician to settle there, where he
built a house. After the war he was surgeon of the general hos
pital at St. John, N. B., and was attached to the garrison, then
stationed at Fort Howe. After October, 1800, he returned to St.
Andrews where he resided until his death, which occurred Oct. 23,
1812, at the age of 86 years.
Dr. Calef married, first, Margaret Rogers, daughter of Rev.
Nathaniel and Mary (Leverett) Rogers of Ipswich, who died
March 27, 1751 ; second, Jan. 18, 1753, Dorothy Jewett, daughter
of Rev. Jedidiah and Elizabeth (Dummer) Jewett, both of Row
ley, Mass. Children by first wife were :
1. Margaret, born Oct. 15, 1748; married Oct. 14, 1767, Dr.
Daniel Scott of Boston.
2. Mary, bapt. March, 1750; married Capt. John Dutch
of Ipswich.

By second marriage:
3. John, born Nov. 2, 1753; drowned Feb. 19, 1782.
4. Jedidiah, born Sept. 22, 1755; died March 10, 1778.
5. Elizabeth, born Oct. 25, 1757; died Sept. 7, 1771.
6. Daughter, still-born May 1, 1759.
7. Robert, born Nov. 16, 1760.
8. Dorothy, born Nov. 16, 1762.
9. Sarah, born June 27, 1764; died in St. Andrews, N. B.,
March 25, 1854, unm.
10. Susanna, born Feb. 7, 1766.
11. A son still-born Jan., 1768.
12. Mehitable, born Sept. 13, 1768; married Capt. David
Mowat Nov. 14, 1786, and died at St. Andrews, N. B.,
Dec. 25, 1860, aged 92 years.
13. Martha, born May 22, 1770; died Sept. 23, 1771.
14. Samuel, born July 20, 1772; alive at 17.
15. Daughter, still-born, April 12, 1775.
16. Daughter, still-born, Aug. 22, 1776.
17. Jedidiah Jewett, born Jan. 22, 1778.
An extended sketch of the Caleff family by David Russell
Jack, was published in Acadiensis, Vol. 7, p. 261-273, July, 1907,
which enabled the writer to verify these facts he had already ob
tained from other sources.
Dr. John Calef spelled his name with one f, on the map and
in his signature to five letters examined by the writer, although the
family seemed to have added another f later.
Last Modified 10 Nov 2013Created 17 Nov 2017 using Reunion for Macintosh